Dating united clock covered wagon
Whether it was a four- or six-wheel pageant wagon, most historians maintain that pivotal axle systems were implemented on pageant wagons because many roads were often winding with some sharp turns.
Six wheel pageant wagons also represent another innovation in carriages; they were one of the first carriages to use multiple pivotal axles.
The carriage is especially designed for private passenger use, though some are also used to transport goods.
A public passenger vehicle would not usually be called a carriage – terms for such include stagecoach, charabanc and omnibus.
A carriage together with the horses, harness and attendants is a turnout or setout. Some horsecarts found in Celtic graves show hints that their platforms were suspended elastically.
Four-wheeled wagons were used in the Bronze Age Europe, and their form known from excavations suggests that the basic construction techniques of wheel and undercarriage (that survived until the age of the motor car) were established then.
Two-wheeled carriage models have been discovered from the Indus valley civilization including twin horse drawn covered carriages resembling ekka from various sites such as Harappa, Mohenjo Daro and Chanhu Daro Used typically for warfare by Egyptians, the near Easterners and Europeans, it was essentially a two-wheeled light basin carrying one or two passengers, drawn by one to two horses.
A carriage is sometimes called a team, as in "horse and team". An elegant horse-drawn carriage with its retinue of servants is an equipage.It may be light, smart and fast or heavy, large and comfortable or luxurious.Carriages normally have suspension using leaf springs, elliptical springs (in the 19th century) or leather strapping.During the Zhou dynasty of China, the Warring States were also known to have used carriages as transportation.With the decline of these city-states and kingdoms, these techniques almost disappeared.
Another form of carriage was the pageant wagon of the 14th century.